Exhibition

Japanese Nudes

March 15 till September 8, 2019

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Photo: Nakayama Unto

From 15 March to 8 September Japanese Museum SieboldHuis will present the exhibition ‘Japanese Nude’. This exhibition illustrates the development in Japanese nude photography from the 19th century to the present. The works of over 30 top photographers, including Araki Nobuyoshi, Moriyama Daido, Hosoe Eikoh, Izu Kenro and Honjo Koro reveal their artistic vision of nudity. Foreign influence and changing perceptions in Japanese society on gender, nudity and sexuality are on display in over 120 photographs.

Kikuo

Photo: Takano Ryudai, Kikuo (Reclining Woo-man), 1999. Credits: Copyright Takano Ryudai ? Courtesy Yumiko Chiba Associates

The development of photography in Japan
In 19th century Japan photography was immediately accepted as a “copy of the truth”. A commercial version soon emerged for the (Western) tourist market with images of semi-clad Geishas emulating the exotic and erotic Japanese bathing ritual.

Nude Geisha Cabinet 2 Lr

By the early 20th century photography was no longer seen as only a copy of the world but had also developed as an art form. Photographs were given a soft focus and were transformed giving them a dramatic character such as those of Unto Nakayama (act. 20th century).

Unto Nude

Photo: Nakayama Unto, Naakt, begin 1930. Credits: Collectie IBASHO, Antwerpen

The 1930’s saw widespread experimentation in the field of photography including the introduction of various techniques and trends. Amongst trends was ‘New Photography’ which was based on a movement known as ‘New Objectivity’. The naked female body began to be seen as an aesthetic object. At the same time a counter movement known as photorealism emerged in which photographs were seen to reflect and record Japanese traditions such as those in the works of Iwase Yoshiyuki (1904 - 2001). Iwase’s ‘Pearl Divers’ is a famous example of this movement.

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Photo: Iwase Yoshiyuki, Zonder titel, circa 1955. Credits: Copyright The Estate of Yoshiyuki Iwase / Courtesy Eric Franck Fine Art, London

Subsequently movements such as social realism, subjective and experimental photography arose. In the latter genre artistic boundaries were sought and exceeded. Good examples can be found in the intuitive, grainy and blurred photographs of Moriyama Daido (1938 - ) and the surrealistic and abstract works by Honjo Koro (1907-1995).

Koro Honjo

Photo: Honjo Koro, Nude 3, ca 1951-1954. Credits: Copyright The Estate of Honjo Koro / Courtesy Kicken, Berlijn

The heyday of erotic photography was in the 1980s and 90s. Araki Nobuyoshi (1940 -) is famous for his pornographic photographs of women in bondage. He was also the first Japanese photographer who kept a diary, which added a very personal and intimate touch to his works.

Araki 34 Lr

Photo: Araki Nobuyoshi, Untitled from the series Allurin Hell, 2008. Credits: Copyright Araki Nobuyoshi, collectie Bert Sliggers/Andrea de Wilde Courtesy Relfex, Amsterdam

Photographs by younger generations illustrate new trends, but also the influence and recognition of the works of previous generations. Gondaira Taichi (1956-) for example used his camera to document the classical beauty of the female body to pay homage the fading traditional Japanese values and way of life.

N 12 Past Distance View

Photo: Gondaira Taichi, Morning of summer, 2013. Credits: Copyright Gondaira Taichi / Courtesy IBASHO, Antwerpen

The works of young female photographers Nomura Sakiko (1967-), Hosokura Mayumi (1979-) and Okabe Momo (1981-) provide a fresh view of the naked body. The overall character of the works of these young female photographers is that the prevailing male view of the female body as a sex object has come under fire.

Sakiko Nomura

Photos: Sakiko Nomura from the series Nude / A Room / Flowers, 2012

Ryudai Takano With Me

Photos: Ryudai Takano from the series 'With me', 2010

2004 St 1070 B Lr Photographer Hal Fukase Family 4

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